Nsf funded projects
As of Maythe NSF has 53 existing contracts. Watermanchief scientist at the Office of Naval Researchto become the first Director.
National science foundation scholarship
The advantages of the North American sites were their affordability and location in the United States; when the proposal was submitted in , these were the only sites under serious consideration. In , a recommendation made by the ESO millimeter working group to establish a permanent millimeter advisory committee was endorsed. A series of communitywide workshops were held in , , and [ 8 ]. February 25, Rita R. These assignments typically last 1—2 years, but may extend to 4. This was in response to findings earlier that year, indicating a steep drop in ozone over a period of several years. By the mids, primary financial support for the growing project was assumed by the NSF. In the NSF selected Kitt Peak , near Tucson, Arizona , as the site of the first national observatory, that would give any astronomer unprecedented access to state-of-the-art telescopes; previously major research telescopes were privately funded, available only to astronomers who taught at the universities that ran them. The NSF received more than 27, proposals and funded more than 12, of them in All proposal evaluations are confidential: the proposing researchers may see them, but they do not see the names of the reviewers. In , the NSF delivered ozone sensors, along with balloons and helium, to researchers at the South Pole so they can measure stratospheric ozone loss. These standards were widely adopted by school districts during the subsequent decade. As a point of reference, similar testing equipment was set up at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory on Mauna Kea in Hawaii.
The group began to develop antenna concepts and performed detailed testing at several sites in Chile [ 9 ]. The program became a model of international cooperation as several foreign countries joined.
The U. The NSF uses four main mechanisms to communicate funding opportunities and generate proposals: dear colleague letters, program descriptions, program announcements, and program solicitations.
In Octoberthe NSF Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences endorsed a plan for the MMA to proceed in two stages: a development phase, in which key equipment would be designed and prototyped, and then a construction phase [ 58 ].
This was in response to findings earlier that year, indicating a steep drop in ozone over a period of several years.
National science foundation awarded grants
The NSF received more than 27, proposals and funded more than 12, of them in For example, reviewers cannot work at the NSF itself, nor for the institution that employs the proposing researchers. As of May , the NSF has 53 existing contracts. In NSF-funded research established beyond doubt that the chemistry of the atmosphere above Antarctica was grossly abnormal and that levels of key chlorine compounds are greatly elevated. The NSF's "Survey of Public Attitudes Toward and Understanding of Science and Technology" revealed that the public had a positive attitude toward science, but a poor understanding of it. In November , the NSB approved the project-development plan for the MMA, which demonstrated a scientific need for the facility and embraced a two-stage process to design and build it: a formal three-year design and development phase to be followed by construction, subject to a separate approval by the NSB. In , the NSF delivered ozone sensors, along with balloons and helium, to researchers at the South Pole so they can measure stratospheric ozone loss. Undergraduates can receive funding through Research Experiences for Undergraduates summer programs. Within 18 months, NCSA Mosaic becomes the Web browser of choice for more than a million users, and sets off an exponential growth in the number of Web users.
A European study group was formed, and the Large Southern Array LSA project began at a meeting in as a proposal for an array with a total collection area of 10, m2.
During two months of intense work, NSF researchers learned most of what is known about the ozone hole.
based on 8 review