Georg simmel essay stranger

Georg simmel essay stranger

He was an intense lecturer and a showman at the podium, and his lectures were well-attended by students and members of the general public. Sunday, March 12, Georg Simmel - The Stranger - Summary Georg Simmel's famous and influential essay "The Stranger" introduces the sociological category of the stranger and his social function within groups. Georg Simmel — was a German sociologist and philosopher. In this case, there is a metaphorical extrapolation from physical Proximity and Distance to social, relational or interpersonal Proximity and Distance. But an appointment is something we can make, which only exists because we have satisfied a certain number of requirements as to what counts as an appointment. Or, in the case of social phenomena at least, is it to provide accounts of the accounts, to identify, describe and analyse the interpretative repertoires or world views of the groups which have them? They were themselves the inheritors of a long tradition and a heated debate as to the feasibility and nature of social science. Simmel was interested in the fact that many different contents could take the exact same social form. That is, is science limited to the interpretation of physical data obtained by experimental and quantitative means? They were particularly opposed to the new discipline of sociology, partly no doubt just because it was new, but also because they considered it to have imperialistic tendencies, the desire to monopolise social science and the humanities, and in that, as we shall see, they were right. His actions are not bound by habit, piety, or precedent. New York: The Free Press, Since he is not rooted in the particularities and biases of the community, he stands apart from it, in an attitude of objectivity. How can we come to know the past, and others, and the pasts of others? Data which can be counted, or data that counts?

In chemistry, the term refers to a pair of atoms which have joined to form a molecule, which are in a chemical relationship. During rebellions of any kind, the attacked party frequently claims that the rebels have been incited from the outside by foreign envoys or agitators.

A trace of strangeness lingers in even the most intimate relationships. Trade is always capable of reaching more people than primary production. In this case, similarity, harmony, and closeness exist but are not exclusive to a particular relationship; they are instead something that potentially exists between us and an indefinite number of others.

Biografi georg simmel

Translated and edited by Kurt H. He remains within a specific place, but he has not always belonged to it, and so he carries into it qualities that do not, could not, belong there. In order to investigate the process of sociation, Simmel needed to identify the members of his dyad, since the forms of interaction vary according to who is interacting with whom. This fixedness was based on the fact that Jews held their social positions as Jews and not as bearers of other social functions. Another attribute of the stranger according to Simmel is objectivity which is enabled since the stranger is not bound by the group's conventions and is therefore free to see it without any bias. The stranger is a paradox: he is here, close at hand, but his having recently been far away is also present to us. Conversely, Simmel noted that the exact same content the desire for money, for example could be expressed through a variety of social forms, like cooperation, for example, or competition, or outright warfare. The history of the European Jews offers a classic example. Objectivity, remember, is not non-engagement; it is rather a positive and specific kind of engagement, much like the objectivity of a theoretical observation, which does not turn the mind into a passive tabula rasa upon which objects merely become imprinted. Despite his peripheral status, the stranger remains an essential part of the community. All these features of the stranger make him, Georg Simmel holds, an important function in society like carrying out tasks that no one else can do or hold conversations that cannot be held between two full, non-stranger, members of the group. The objective person is not constrained by predispositions that would prejudice his perception, his understanding, or his judgment. What counts as data? They were particularly opposed to the new discipline of sociology, partly no doubt just because it was new, but also because they considered it to have imperialistic tendencies, the desire to monopolise social science and the humanities, and in that, as we shall see, they were right.

Turner ed. Personal relationships are shaped not just by certain commonalities and differences, abstractly considered, but by their existence in this particular relationship.

georg simmel dyad and triad

The successes of the physical sciences especially from onwards and exponentially in the nineteenth century only made this ambition, this need to establish a rational and systematic study of mankind, more acute.

The stranger is connected to the broader social community by only the most general and generic commonalities, yet is still relied on by large groups of people.

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(PDF) Georg Simmel, the stranger and the sociology of knowledge