The Adolescent criminal: An examination of today's juvenile offender.
Evaluating Miller Although subsequent sociologists have found evidence of some of Miller's focal concerns in working-class communities, it is not clear that what Miller refers to as the "lower class" really does have such distinct norms and values from the rest of society.
Statistics show that female offenders usually get sentenced more leniently than male offenders, based on the lack of perceived threat of dangerousness of females as well as other factors that are associated with females and not males.
This subculture had a range of interests and characteristics of its own which included an appreciation of toughness, smartness and excitement. I say this because of its solid logical consistency, as the assumptions of his theory are fairly concrete.
These kind of workers have to be able to tolerate routine, repetitive work as well as periods of unemployment.
However, an alternative view is that many of these "concerns" are also those of working-class girls, and therefore might be features of "lower-class" values or indeed of youth in general.
The little amounts of research that have been conducted in favor of this theory have proven to be complicated to assess its effectiveness in terms of quantity, and even quality, because the theory focuses on beliefs and attitudes of lower-class males. Indeed, as suggested by David Matza, perhaps we all share such "deviant" values but learn not to act on them.