Auschwitz the german nazi concentration camps

It became primarily a centre for the mass murder of Jews brought there for extermination, and of Roma and Sinti prisoners during its final period.

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Of these deportees, approximately 1. From late July they were taken there by train on freight wagons. Once inside, the prisoners were exposed to Zyklon-B poison gas. Concentration camps also existed in Germany itself, and while they were not specifically designed for systematic extermination, many of their inmates perished because of harsh conditions or they were executed.

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The location also allowed the Nazis to quickly remove the German Jews from within Germany proper. Auschwitz Birkenau was the largest of the concentration camp complexes created by the Nazi German regime and was the one which combined extermination with forced labour.

Auschwitz the german nazi concentration camps

Auschwitz I Auschwitz I, the main camp, was the first camp established near Oswiecim. Before the end of the month, in what came to be known as the Auschwitz death marches, an estimated 60, detainees, accompanied by Nazi guards, departed the camp and were forced to march to the Polish towns of Gliwice or Wodzislaw, some 30 miles away. By the end of , it housed 60 barracks measuring SS units guarded the camps. IG Farben established a synthetic rubber plant in at Monowitz concentration camp Auschwitz III ; other camps were set up next to airplane factories, coal mines and rocket propellant plants. Concentration Camps Concentration camps are often inaccurately compared to a prison in modern society. Each had an internal camp staff that consisted of five sections: Commandant's Headquarters consisting of the commandant and his staff A protective detention office run by a Security Police officer who maintained prisoner records in terms of arrival, discharge, discipline and death and who received his instructions from the Reich Central Office for Security Commander of the Protective Detention Camp Administration and Supply SS Physician Forced-Labor and Prisoner-of-War Camps Following the German invasion of Poland in September , the Nazis opened forced-labor camps where thousands of prisoners died from exhaustion, starvation, and exposure. There are also ruins of gas chambers and crematoria in Birkenau, which were dynamited in January At Auschwitz I, the majority of the complex has remained intact. It was also a centre for immediate extermination. The site had good railway connections and access to raw materials. Some of the plans went forward, including the construction of several hundred apartments, but many were never fully implemented. Heinrich Schwarz was commandant of Auschwitz III from the point at which it became an autonomous camp in November until its liquidation.

Incoming prisoners were assigned a camp serial number which was sewn to their prison uniforms. There are also ruins of gas chambers and crematoria in Birkenau, which were dynamited in January These gassing facilities soon proved inadequate for the task of murdering the large numbers of Jewish deportees being sent to Auschwitz.

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Auschwitz concentration camp